Osteoporosis or osteoporose(in Danish) is a term used in medical terminology for a medical condition, though most people are cognizant with this term. Osteoporosis is a union of two terms: ‘osteo’ refers to bone and ‘porosis’ refers to porous, which means “porous bone.”
A healthy and stout bone structure is like a honeycomb. The composition of in vivo bone is a combination of collagen fibers as core and small crystals of an inorganic bone material. The water content is between 10 and 20 percent and out of remaining dry mass, between 60-70 percent contain bone minerals. Besides, there are proteins and inorganic salts, but in very small percentage.
What is osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a usually a disease the reference of which can be found in gerontology, the science of ageing because osteoporose tratar after adult age usually, and is more common in females than in males. The main difference between a healthy and osteoporotic bone is that of mass or density. The osteoporotic bone depicts loss of mass or density and an abnormal structure of tissues, making the bone brittle and more susceptible to a fracture.
Cause and prevention of osteoporosis
Osteoporosis can be at any stage, but an adult over 50, especially a woman, has greater risk of developing an osteoporotic bone. The osteoporosis is preventable. Calcium is the core element for bone strength. Amazingly, bones and teeth contain 99% of total calcium of the human body. The proper intake of calcium-rich diet is important to prevent osteoporosis at a later age. The pregnancy in women is one of the causes of weak bones, but a calcium-rich diet and calcium supplementation during pregnancy can help to prevent osteoporosis in old age.
Osteoporosis prevention and treatment
Osteoporose tratamento is available but prevention is always better than cure. Healthy diet, exercise, proper calcium intake and vitamin D are important for bone health and diminishing chance of osteoporosis occurrence.